For real estate to have value, it must have certain characteristics
By Jeff Sorg, OnlineEd Blog
Demand – Demand changes from person to person. When many people want the same property, demand increases and so does its value. When few people want the same property, demand lessens and so does its value.
Utility – The character of utility requires the property to be useful in some way. The more people it is useful to, the greater its value. Because needs differ from person to person, utility is most often a subjective characteristic.
Scarcity – The characteristic of scarcity is based on the supply of the property in relation to demand for the property. The less scarce the property in comparison to the demand for it, the lower its value. On the other hand, the more scarce the property, the greater its value.
Transferability – For a property to have value, the owner must be able to transfer its ownership in exchange for something else of value. Under normal circumstances, transferability is not a factor that affects value. However, because real estate is immobile, its rights and interests must be perceived as valuable. This means the more encumbrances or restrictions against a property, the less its perceived value.
The Four Essentials to Value are easily remembered by the acronym DUST.
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Jeff Sorg is a co-founder of OnlineEd®, a Web-based vocational school founded in 1997 where he also serves as Corporate Secretary, Chief Operating Officer, and School Director. Sorg holds vocational instructor licenses in Oregon, Washington, California, and Nevada and has authored numerous pre-licensing and continuing education courses. Sorg was awarded the International Distance Education Certification Center’s CDEi Designation for distance education in 2008-2018.
OnlineEd® provides real estate, mortgage broker, insurance, and contractor pre-license, post-license, continuing education, career enhancement, and professional development and designation courses over the Internet.